Wednesday, 20 March 2013

Research Imaging NMO or MS

Epub: Matthews et al. Distinction of seropositive NMO spectrum disorder and MS brain lesion distribution. Neurology. 2013 Mar 13.

OBJECTIVE: Neuromyelitis optica and its spectrum disorder (NMOSD) can present similarly to relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Using a quantitative lesion mapping approach, this research aimed to identify differences in MRI brain lesion distribution between aquaporin-4 antibody-positive NMOSD and RRMS, and to test their diagnostic potential.

METHODS: Clinical brain MRI sequences for 44 patients with aquaporin-4 antibody-positive NMOSD and 50 patients with RRMS were examined for the distribution and morphology of brain lesions. T2 lesion maps were created for each subject allowing the quantitative comparison of the 2 conditions with lesion probability and voxel-wise analysis.

RESULTS: Sixty-three percent of patients with NMOSD had brain lesions and of these 27% were diagnostic of multiple sclerosis. Patients with RRMS were significantly more likely to have lesions adjacent to the body of the lateral ventricle than patients with NMOSD. Direct comparison of the probability distributions and the morphologic attributes of the lesions in each group identified criteria of "at least 1 lesion adjacent to the body of the lateral ventricle and in the inferior temporal lobe; or the presence of a subcortical U-fiber lesion; or a Dawson's finger-type lesion," which could distinguish patients with multiple sclerosis from those with NMOSD with 92% sensitivity, 96% specificity, 98% positive predictive value, and 86% negative predictive value.

CONCLUSION: Careful inspection of the distribution and morphology of MRI brain lesions can distinguish RRMS and NMOSD.




So radiologists and Neuros need to be more diligent in reading MRI scans; but I suspect looking for aquaporin-4 antibodies is cheaper and easier.

1 comment:

  1. Mousedoctor - I assume you mean radiologists. It seems reasonable to make some attempt to distinguish the two diseases on MR, and more useful in those who are aquaporin-4antibody negative.

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