What risk are you prepared to take with your MS? #MSBlog #MSResearch
"The study below confirms my clinical observations that risk perception is affected by many factors and differs form one MSer to the next, and over time. MSers with early relatively inactive disease have a different PML risk threshold than those with highly-active or rapidly-evolving severe MS. The latter is understandable; if you have very active disease and are now doing well on natalizumab with no relapses and little disability would you want to take the risk of rebound on withdrawal, or move to a potentially less effective therapy? Your experience of having bad MS that is now under control is your counterbalance of the risk of possibly developing PM in the future. I also have several MSers under my care who are so risk adverse that they would rather take their chances with MS; it may be a coincidence but this latter group of MSers are often religious. In other words The course of their life is predetermined and whatever modern medicine has to offer this will not change their destiny."
"Despite MSers early in their course of disease - who typically have inactive disease and no disability - being generally relatively risk adverse there is a significant minority of MSers who soon after diagnosis are prepared to take huge risks to treat, and hopefully suppress or cure, their disease. These MSers tend to self-aware individuals who have done a lot of research about MS via the web and are acutely aware of the prognosis of MS if left to its own devices. These are the MSers who want to be treated with alemtuzumab or bone marrow transplantation as soon as possible. I find it difficult talking these people out of this situation, which I am forced to do, knowing full well that if I had been diagnosed with MS I would want to go this route. The reality in the UK is that early induction therapies are simply not available under the NHS to treat MS. Maybe NICE will recapitulate and allow us to use alemtuzumab and more importantly to use it first-line?"
"Risk is a large subject and needs more time; when I get a moment in the future I will post something from the psychology literature on this topic. It is very interesting in that personality and gender play a role in risk perception. What I do know is that in general neurologists are more risk adverse than MSers and this may be half the problem we are having in getting the field to move toward early highly-effective treatments and the paradigm of treating-2-target of NEDA."
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the ability of natalizumab (NTZ)-treated MSers to assume treatment-associated risks and the factors involved in such risk acceptance.
METHODS: From a total of 185 MSers, 114 MSers on NTZ as of July 2011 carried out a comprehensive survey. We obtained disease severity perception scores, personality traits' scores, and risk-acceptance scores (RAS) so that higher RAS indicated higher risk acceptance. We recorded JC virus status (JCV+/-), prior immunosuppression, NTZ treatment duration, and clinical characteristics. NTZ MSers were split into subgroups (A-E), depending on their individual PML risk. Some 22 MSers on first-line drugs (DMD) acted as controls.
RESULTS: No differences between treatment groups were observed in disease severity perception and personality traits. RAS were higher in NTZ than in DMD patients (p<0.01). Perception of the own disease as a more severe condition tended to predict higher RAS (p=0.07). Higher neuroticism scores predicted higher RAS in the NTZ group as a whole (p=0.04), and in high PML-risk subgroups (A-B) (p=0.02). In low PML-risk subgroups (C-E), higher RAS were associated with a JCV+ status (p=0.01). Neither disability scores nor pre-treatment relapse rate predicted RAS in either group.
CONCLUSIONS: Risk acceptance is a multifactorial phenomenon, which might be partly explained by an adaptive process, in light of the higher risk acceptance amongst NTZ-treated MSers and, especially, amongst those who are JCV seropositive but still have low PML risk, but which seems also intimately related to personality traits.