Wednesday, 23 April 2014

Forceps damage causing fatigue and depression

Gobbi C, Rocca M, Pagani E, Riccitelli G, Pravatà E, Radaelli M, Martinelli-Boneschi F, Falini A, Copetti M, Comi G, Filippi M.Forceps minor damage and co-occurrence of depression and fatigue in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2014 Apr. [Epub ahead of print]

OBJECTIVE:Using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT MRI), we analyzed the architectural integrity of the brain white matter (WM) from a large cohort of MS patients to identify the structural substrates of the concomitant presence of depression and fatigue.
METHODS:Brain dual-echo, 3D T1-weighted and DT MRI scans were acquired from 147 MS patients and 90 gender- and age-matched healthy controls (HCs). Patients were stratified by the presence of depression (92 depressed (D), 55 not depressed (nD)) and fatigue (81 fatigued (F), 66 not fatigued (nF)). Sixty-five patients had co-occurrence of depression and fatigue (DF). Whole-brain voxel-wise comparisons of WM DT MRI abnormalities were performed using tract-based-spatial-statistics (TBSS). Tract-specific analyses were run in brain WM tracts using standard-space templates.
RESULTS:Whole-brain voxel-wise analysis yielded no significant differences between patient subgroups. At tract-specific analysis, DF patients had reduced fractional anisotropy (FA) of the forceps minor. Reduced FA of the right anterior thalamic radiation and right uncinate fasciculus was found in F-MS vs not F-MS patients after correcting for depression. No significant differences were found between D vs not D-MS patients, after correcting for fatigue.
CONCLUSIONS:This study provides evidence for partially overlapping damage to frontal and fronto-temporal pathways underlying depression and fatigue in MS

The forceps minor (also known as the anterior forceps) is a fibre bundle which connects the lateral (side) and medial (middle) surfaces of the frontal lobes and crosses the midline via the genu of the corpus callosum, so it has nothing to do with forceps causing minor damage.

Damage to this pathway across the corpus callosum can be associated with depression or fatigue

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