Hupperts R, Lycke J, Short C, Gasperini C, McNeill M, Medori R, Tofil-Kaluza A, Hovenden M, Mehta LR, Elkins J. Prolonged-release fampridine and walking and balance in MS: randomised controlled MOBILE trial.
Mult Scler. 2015 Apr 28. pii: 1352458515581436. [Epub ahead of print]
BACKGROUND:Mobility impairment is a common disability in MS and negatively impacts patients' lives.
OBJECTIVE:Evaluate the effect of prolonged-release (PR) fampridine (extended-release dalfampridine in the United States) on self-assessed walking disability, dynamic/static balance and safety in patients with MS.
METHODS:MOBILE was a randomised, double-blind, exploratory, placebo-controlled trial. Patients with progressive/relapsing-remitting MS and Expanded Disability Status Scale score of 4.0-7.0 were treated with PR-fampridine or placebo twice daily for 24 weeks. Efficacy endpoints included change from baseline in the 12-item MS Walking Scale (MSWS-12), Timed Up and Go (TUG) test and Berg Balance Scale (BBS).
RESULTS:132 patients were randomised at 24 sites in six countries. PR-fampridine therapy resulted in greater median improvements from baseline in MSWS-12 score, TUG speed and BBS total score versus placebo over 24 weeks. A higher proportion of patients receiving PR-fampridine versus placebo experienced significant improvements at MSWS-12 improvement thresholds ⩾7 (p = 0.0275), ⩾8 (p = 0.0153) and ⩾9 points (p = 0.0088) and TUG speed thresholds ⩾10% (p = 0.0021) and ⩾15% (p = 0.0262). PR-fampridine was well tolerated.
CONCLUSIONS:PR-fampridine therapy resulted in early and sustained improvements in broad measures of walking and balance over six months.